Who is to blame for the abuse?
The batterer is always responsible for their actions. A batterer's own attitudes and behavior cause them to be controlling and violent.  

Is the use of chemicals or alcohol to blame for the abuse?
Chemicals and alcohol do not cause domestic violence. Violence can be more severe when there are chemicals or alcohol involved, but the violence would occur regardless.

HOPE can give you help and support.

Go here to learn about our services. Our trained, caring advocates can help you make informed decisions, plan for your safety, and determine a path forward.

Below are additional resources from trusted organizations and partners.

Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women
Battered Women's Legal Advocacy Program
MN Office of Justice Programs  
Domestic Abuse Intervention Program  

Domestic violence occurs between people in an intimate relationship. It’s an ongoing pattern of intimidation, coercion, and violence to establish and maintain control over another person.

Battering may occur in any relationship and includes emotional, sexual, and physical abuse.  Threats, intimidation, isolation and economic abuse are also forms of battering.  Males or females can be the batterer or victim.